Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Wilderness Tourism’ for class 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Wilderness Tourism’ especially written for school and college students.
Essay on Wilderness Tourism
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in India
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in British Columbia
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Peruvian Andes
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Amazon
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Andes
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Patagonia Desert
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in South Africa
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Uganda, Congo, Rwanda and Cameroon
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Nepal
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Ursula Island
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Australia
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in New Zealand
- Essay on Wilderness Tourism in Europe
Essay # 1. Wilderness Tourism in India:
The wild lands in the Himalayan Ranges create the most impressive sights. These are the green paradise on this planet. The travellers and trekkers can experience and enjoy the beauty of green pastures, valleys, conifer forests and dwarf bushes and scrubs.
The tourists come to visit Nepal Himalayas in large numbers. For example, the ‘Alpine Forests’, pastures, mountain valleys, and river valleys and rivers banks are always attracting a large number of tourists with their scenic beauty.
(i) Mountain Parks:
The series of mountain ranges passes through one valley to another valley and make it a parallel folding mountain system which is visible from the highest peak of the area. The snow clad peaks shine like silver mountains with white butter or milky colour. This view somewhat haunts us when we are standing amidst the snow-clad mountains.
(ii) Forests and Pastures:
The conifer forests of deodar, pinus, juniper, kail, “oak, rhododendron and myrica esculenta” (Canopies) are the soul of mountain forests, valleys and pastures as at some places they are standing in remnant forms. These forests are rich in mammals, primates, reptiles, avifauna and orthopoda.
(iii) River Banks and Waterfalls:
The river banks remain full of white sands which immensely attracts us. The flowering plants, berries, wild grasses are a beautiful thing to watch. During summer days, the banks of the rivers are a peaceful paradise.
(iv) Slopes and Valleys:
The slopes and valleys are full of greenery and wild flowers. The tourists from far and near come here to visit the flower covered valleys and slopes and enjoy some days in the lap of nature. Some of the valley forests are known for their thriving bio-diversity. The camp life and picnic holidays can be organized in the valley pastures. Besides camp life, the green valleys are an ideal place for exploration activities and nature study tours.
Wildlife tourism is most popular among the Himalayan states where millions of people flock to see the amazing wildlife, plants, trees, ferns and orchids etc. and enjoy the bio-diversity. The number of tourists is growing up every year. At present 6.5 million tourists arrive in India every year to observe its wild life and its natural beauty.
Essay # 2. Wilderness Tourism in British Columbia:
British Columbia is a heaven for wilderness tourism and at present it is the world leader in wilderness tourism. 30 percent international tourists and 60 percent domestic tourists are visiting British Columbia every year. The number of international tourists some time is more than 40%.
The reasons of successful wilderness tourism in are:
(1) The amazing wildlife,
(2) The most beautiful grasslands, meadows and wild flower pastures,
(3) Super, natural parks and amazing wilderness are the main attractions to a large number of tourists, and
(4) The amazing snow lands, glaciers, polar bears and grizzly bears are a great recreation among tourists. The other carnivores or herbivores are found here roaming into a vast territory of park and protected areas.
Wilderness tourism in British Columbia is on the increase. It is a fastest growing sector now. In the year 2001 wilderness tourism gathered $ 900 million in direct revenues. Indirect revenue from nature based tourism was US $ 2 billion. There were 21,000 part-time jobs in 2001 in 2004. There was direct revenue of US $ 9.5 billion with 117,500 full time jobs.
Here, St Elias Mountain Glacier System covers 3,885 km2. The Columbia ice-field covers 375 km2 and is the largest ice-field in North America outside the Arctic spans the continental Divide. Its glaciers feed the headwaters of three major river systems – Columbia, Athabasca and North Saskatchewan, which flow into three oceans.
The Pacific, Arctic and (via Hudsan Bay) and the Atlantic Glacial melt water also fills many of the lakes with which Canadian Rockies are so richly manifested. Three fifths of the British Columbia is covered with productive forests. Forestry is principal industry.
The Dougless firs are among the tallest trees 76 feet in height. Some species of humming birds are also found here. Moose and beaver are found along the valley bed. The elk, white-tailed deer and mule deer are found in the meadows. The mountain goat, bighorn sheep, hoory marmot and pica are the fauna of higher alpine pastures. Carnivores include grizzly bears and black bears, couger, lynx and volverine are found in the open forests.
Essay # 3. Wilderness Tourism in Peruvian Andes :
Manu National Park is a typical forest area in the Peruvian side. This wilderness has still unspoilt forest areas on the eastern side of Peruvian Andes. This wilderness is the only part of Amazon region which have escaped exploitation. The pristine natural beauty, rich bio-diversity and different habitats make it biologically richest than any other park of the Latin America.
Manu Park lies in the Selva, the great tropical forests region of the Amazon basin. The park has virgin forests and tree with 30 meters height. Peru’s Selva animals have been continuously hunted for meet and skins. Nearly 200 mammal species have been recorded in the Manu National Park which is more than half of Peru’s original mammals.
These species are intermingling with the species of North American origin such as deers and bears with ancient South American forms; marsupials-opossums (the only marsupials to be found outside Australia and edentates (armadillos, sloths and anteaters).
Manu’s five species of opossums include the rare black-shouldered opossum known from only six species. The edentates are represented by three species of anteaters. The giant anteaters, the tamandurs or lesser anteater, or the dwarf or the silky anteater are found here. Two species of sloths – the three toed or two toed sloths and at least two species of armadillos, the rare giant armadillo and the common nine banded armadillo are thriving in this park.
There are 13 species of primates; one among them is woolly monkey and emperor tamarin. Other endangered species include a giant otter, jaguar, ocelot, bush dog, North Andan Huemul and several species of Manu’s birds.
There are 1500 bird species in Peru of which 800 bird species are recorded in Manu. They range Andean condor, harpy eagle, hoatizin, 18 species of parrots, two species of endangered reptiles also occur in Manu. The black caiman, spectacled caiman, both are being hunted for meat and skins.
There are some small groups of nomadic forest Indians which live in the park and maintain their cultural activities. These include shifting cultivation, hunting, fishing and collecting turtle eggs. The world of these Indians should not be disturbed at all. There is a great danger of burning and slashing in the forests of the park; grazing, construction of roads, drilling for goldmine have posed a great danger to the eco-system of Manu National Park.
Essay # 4. Wilderness Tourism in Amazon:
The Amazonian Wilderness is the largest wilderness in the world. They contain two third of the world’s rain forests. These forests are called the lungs of earth as they absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and release oxygen for us. This process balances the volume of CO2 and oxygen in the environment.
At present, Amazon forests have richest biodiversity and plant species in the world. There are twenty international travel and tour companions of USA, Canada and Brazil which sponsor wilderness tours and camp life activities in the wild of Amazonia. These companies are making huge profits as a large proportion of international tourists visit them regularly.
The Amazon basin, Amazon delta and Amazon National Park are a great combination of bio-diversity and rich plant life. The ferns, orchids, and 200 species of medicinal plants are of immense importance to human being. The Amazon region includes 64.8 million hectare of forest areas.
Mostly, the tourists and explorers come to visit this vast wilderness to observe the wildlife here. The trekkers, explorers, camp lovers, and wild life observers flock here every year in great numbers. This has made Amazon rainforests popular among the nature lovers, bird watchers and camp lovers of the world.
Several species of snakes are found in Amazon forests including Anaconda, boa tree snakes, cobra, python, green and poisonous snakes. The black darter snakes are quite popular among the snake watchers.
These forests are spread up to 4 million square kilometers. Among these forests 1.6 million forests have been cleared for agriculture, housing, ranches, grazing lands and road construction. The timber companies are the main exploiter of these forests.
Essay # 5. Wilderness Tourism in Andes:
The mountains of Andes are natures shining glory. There are most beautiful mountains, rivers and lakes. It is known among the nature lovers of the world. Andes streams and springs are the habitats of torrent ducks and other water birds.
There are several wild life parks in the boundary line of Andes Mountains. For example Colombia, Equador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina etc. countries have their National Parks along the Andes Mountains. There are several types of forests and wilderness of different ecological systems.
The people like to visit the rain forests of Colombia, Equador, Peru, Chile and Argentina. The Atlantic forests, Andes forests and a mix of tropical and Arctic forests make a great combination and distinct ecosystems in the Andes.
The rain forests and Atlantic forests have their own eco-systems and characteristics. The Atlantic forests contain Brazilian pine (Araucaria angustifolia) once were spread up to 20 million hectares now they include only 2 percent of the whole forests. These are very typical forests in the world.
Essay # 6. Wilderness Tourism in Patagonia Desert:
Patagonia is the most hostile desert and wildland in the world which is spread up to 4,80,000 square kilometers. The cold winds and dangerous storms are usual in Patagonia at the speed of 200 kilometers per hour. The cold winds are the most devastating and fly away all the things which come into their way.
The best way to protect one-self is to camp between the two rocks where we can protect ourselves from the hostile winds or we should lie down under the bushes in the cruel desert of Patagonia. The desert is harsh, hostile and totally unsuitable to human nature.
The trekkers, explorers and camp lovers are attracted to the hostile nature of Patagonia. At one point of Patagonia, there is a hostile but beautiful snow land. The other part of Patagonia is a total desert with a cover of rough bushes and scanty growth of grasses over it.
The deserts of Patagonia, its wildlife, vegetation and small water springs are amazingly beautiful and explain the rough weather and harsh environment of the desert land spread into a vast wilderness.
There are 1300 species of plants in 10,000 sq. km, in South America 400 plant species, 580 plant species in New Guinea. The fynbos floristic kingdom is so great and varied that it has become one of the best wilderness national parks in the world.
Essay # 7. Wilderness Tourism in South Africa:
The wilderness and the national parks in South Africa are a boon to the wild life lovers and nature watchers. The vast chunks of wildlands in South Africa are known as wilderness which are spread to thousands of kilometers and are a haven for wildlife. The tourists from far and near come to explore these wild lands. The wilderness tourism in South Africa is quite popular.
The wildlands are full of green bushes or scanty forests. These are well-maintained by park authorities or wildlands management authority. This Authority also helps in the protection of wildlife in the wilderness or National Parks. There is a stay point, a restaurant or rest house in the vicinity of the park. This provides a big recreation and relaxation point to the tourists from far and near.
The National Parks in South Africa are well protected and well maintained and captive breeding is done on scientific ground. The mammals, primates, reptiles, avies and orthopoda are protected with great interest. The forestlands, remnant forests and habitats of wild animals are seen with the purpose of breeding of wild animals in natural environment. The large mammals and small mammals both are protected well. There are some captive breeding research centres in the parks.
South Africa is a country of famous wildlands and national parks. Once a pasture is converted into a national park it remains full of wild flowers, herbs and trees. The West Coast National Park, with rich bio-diversity, is a glorious floral kingdom. The flowers of spring welcome all the travellers in West Coast National Park.
The Marine Parks:
The Marine Parks of South Africa are spread with the coastline and make a fine combination of land and ocean. The marine parks are attracting a large number of tourists from far and near. Four new marine parks are in the country’s protected coastline and this area has been expanded from 11 to 18 per cent.
The four areas are:
(i) The Aliwal shoal, a sub tidal coral reef off Umkomaas which protects threatened sharks,
(ii) Pondoland including 90 km. coastline near St. Johns which extends 15 km seawards making the start of ‘Sardine Run’,
(iii) Bird Island in Algoa Bay that includes many rare and threatened birds species,
(iv) The Cape Peninsula that includes all coastal waters around Table Mountain National Park.
A fifth marine protected area is planned off Namaqualand spread up to 9,70,000 hectare is South Africa’s largest Marine Park. The tourists are visiting South Africa every year in larger numbers to see its rich culture and varied wildlife.
Essay # 8. Wilderness Tourism in Uganda, Congo, Rwanda and Cameroon:
There are still vast chunks of wildlands in developing countries despite the fact that most of its tropical and original endemic forests have been wiped away by the government plans on agriculture and development projects. The timber, companies have done maximum damage to the rain forests of African countries. There is extreme poverty and most of the African countries are felling and exporting of timber from rain forests just to make quick money to sustain their economy.
The local pastoral communities are also involved in the felling and clearing of forests for agriculture as well as housing purpose. Such activities have devastated two-third of the rain forests the world over.
The governments in Uganda, Congo, Rwanda and Cameroun have displayed their courage to protect the Wildlife Parks and original rain forests but the timber mafias have spread their tentacles to wipe out the remaining standing forests there. This has ruined all the ancient forests from the rain forests and wilderness.
The rain forests once were spread to millions of square kilometers, but now have been reduced to some thousand square kilometers. This has badly damaged the ancient standing forests and the small vegetation once grew under the canopy of these forests. A large area of remaining forests has been converted into a treeless grazing land which after some years may turn into a desert.
Conservation and Tourism:
Despite the fact that clearing of rain forests remains to continue, but the efforts of conservation have also been increased. The rich bio-diversity in the remaining wilderness has attracted a large number of tourists to these countries. This has tripled the number of tourists in the last two decades. The countries like Ghana, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Congo have maintained their wildlife tourism to an extent. The tourists from East and West visit the wildlife Parks of these countries in large numbers.
Essay # 9. Wilderness Tourism in Nepal:
Nepal is a land of beautiful mountains, forests, valleys and wilderness. It has become a heaven for tourists coming from western countries. The Mustang Trek, the Everest Trek, Kali-Gandaki Trek, Langtang Trek, Nepal’s lowland birds and animals, Baralake Trek, and Makalu-Barua valleys are some of the beautiful forests and valleys where tourists visit every year with great enthusiasm.
(i) Mountain Tourism:
Nepal is a number one country in the world to collect maximum foreign exchange through mountain tourism. The adventure sports like trekking, mountaineering, rock climbing, exploration, hang gliding, paragliding, nature watching and bird watching are among the best hobbies to entertain one-self. Camp life is best in Nepal Himalayas. The prospects of mountain tourism are much more in Nepal as it is surrounded by very beautiful mountain peaks.
(ii) Wildlife Tourism:
The high altitude mountain bio-diversity is the most fragile in the world. Such climatic characteristics are not witnessed in other parts of the world. The best examples of them are Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal. There is abundant wildlife and the adventure sports like trekking and mountaineering are on the increase.
(iii) The Valleys:
The valleys and slopes in Nepal Himalayas are a heavenly experience to the travellers of the world. Makalu Barun valley is known for their immense natural beauty. Nepal’s lowland birds and animals live in foothills and valleys.
Barun valley is considered exceptionally important for wild birds and mammals. Makalu-Barun Area has been expanded to 1400 km2. This has given the SagarMatha National Park a new lease of life. The mountain parks of Nepal are a replica of natural wonders.
(iv) National Parks:
The National Parks in Nepal are quite few but they are a world of rich bio-diversity in themselves. The SagarMatha National Park is spread in 1148 km2 up to Makalu Barun Valley. This park was declared a World Heritage Site in 1979. The Chitwan National Park and other national parks are the best examples of wildlife tourism in Nepal.
(v) Mountain Forests:
The mountain forests which remain only one third now are a big asset to Nepal. A large number of foreign explorers come to visit to these mountain forests which include mostly deoder, oak, rhododendron, Kaafal (Myrica esculenta) and Himalayan pine forests.
(vi) Barren Lands:
The barren lands are a sort of heathlands which are wide open wildlands known for small song birds. These barren lands are an ideal asset for camp life, bird watching and picnic parties.
(vii) Tourists’ Paradise:
Nepal is a land of Natural beauty which always attracts the tourists and trekkers from western countries into large numbers.
Essay # 10. Wilderness Tourism in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand:
These three countries have similar environment, river system and fertile valleys. Cambodia and Thailand have fertile Mekong basin and grow sufficient food grains there. The Mekong Delta has good forestland, plains of reeds, fertile valleys and vast fields and plains made by Mekong River. The basin is spread up to 620,000 square km. and is considered among the largest wetlands of the world.
Wilderness tourism is most enjoyable activity in Mekong delta. It has vast expanded forests which are rich in biodiversity. Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam come in the region of Mekong delta.
There are two parts of the Mekong Delta:
(1) Upper Mekong Basin and
(2) Lower Mekong Basin.
The Lower Mekong Basins have some excellent growth of secondary forests and a distinct ecology. There are some pristine ancient forests in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam where the tourists enjoy wild life amidst dense forests. The Mekong delta has an amazing bio-diversity.
Essay # 11. Wilderness Tourism in Ursula Island:
Ursula Island is a beautiful island known for its beautiful birds. It is known for its natural areas to visit. Ursula is situated at the Coast of Palawan Island’s Southern side. This Island is 150 national miles from Puerto Princess City which is a home to 26 species of migratory birds which nest and breed in the Island. This has been declared as Ursula Island Bird Sanctuary. The Philippine government is paying attention to protect this bird island.
There are some reports that local fishermen kill the birds for food and eggs and this has hampered the growth of this bird in the island.
Ursula Bird Island is an excellent place for a visit and camp life. At the coasts of Ursula Island, the view of the ocean is quite beautiful and amazing. Here we can observe the beauty of ocean and the forests to observe the bird life – their nesting, laying eggs and producing baby bird from the eggs is most enjoyable activity. The camp life can be enjoyed inside the island where there are trees and plants. The noise of the birds is one of the best music in the air.
Essay # 12. Wilderness Tourism in Australia:
The Kakadoo in Australia is among the most popular wilderness and National Park in the world. This Park is rich in bio-diversity and natural beauty. The grasslands, the forests, the open lands and dwarf bushes are some of the main attraction of this National Park.
Kakadoo is spread up to thousands of square km including beautiful pastures, grasslands and forests with most scenic views. Besides this, there are several National Parks in Australia which are known for their rich bio-diversity, natural beauty and wetlands. There are several beautiful rivers, valleys and waterfalls which promote nature tourism in Australia. The National Parks in Australia are well maintained and are used for the growth and development of Tourism.
Tasmania is an island in the south of Victoria province of Australia. Tasmania is known for its beautiful beaches, rain forests and amazing wild life in the world. The Tasmanian animals are known as the Tasmanian Devils. Among them is a Kangaroo like animal which lives on island is Koala.
The Marsupial Animals:
Small bearlike animals which live on the trees and eat the leaves are quite different from the wild life found in other parts of the world. The Tasmania Island is a rainforest island and an ideal place for exploration activities. During summer, the environment is pleasant and it is the best time for camp life in the Island.
Great Australian Bight:
This is the largest Sea Beach line in the world. This is the most beautiful long curve in the Australian coast which is spread from the bottom of Western Australia to the South Australian sea coasts. This is called the Great Australian Bight.
In fact, this is the longest curved beach in the world and is quite popular among the beach lovers of the world. Here we can observe the sea, sea beach and the adjoining forests of the mainland. The people from several countries come to enjoy this sea beach. It is an amazing sight when one observes it from the small planes. It is spread up to thousands of kilometers through the sea coast.
Essay # 13. Wilderness Tourism in New Zealand:
Tasman valley is a beautiful valley in New Zealand, fully covered with snow. This is quite popular among international tourists. The valley is a heaven for the visitors coming from far and near.
This is a 28 km long impressive glacier. The trekkers from foreign nations come to see this glacier. Tasman glacier has a big importance for the people of New Zealand and the explorers from foreign countries.
Mount Cook National Park:
Mount Cook National Park is a trekker’s paradise. Every year, 300 helicopters and 700 ski planes are getting down at the base of Mount Cook National Park. Every year 350,000 visitors come to visit this park for skiing and trekking.
Mount Cook National Park has become a great attraction among all New Zealanders and the tourists from Australia and Western countries. This National Park provides all the snow sports. Recreation centres and stay points are near the sites of National Park and this has given them a good time for relaxation while exploring the park area.
Tasman Glacier and Tasman Valley have added more beauty by expanding the area of the Mount Cook National Park. The park, Tasman glacier and Tasman Valley are well maintained and managed by the New Zealand Park Authorities. The people have a great civic sense and inspiration for the cleaning activities and protection of the park. The waste is collected by the Park Service employees for which they are paid.
The elder citizens, businessmen, government authorities co-operate and support such efforts to make the park pollution less.
Essay # 14. Wilderness Tourism in Europe:
The Alps are the most beautiful mountains of Europe. These are Western Europe’s principal mountain systems. The Alps make a barrier between Southern Germany and Northern Italy. It separates the Po valley and Northern Adriatic Sea from the Baltik and the North Sea.
The scenic Alps Mountains are spread in 165000 km2. These extend 800 km from the French Mediterranean coast of Provence across Switzerland, France, Italy, Germany and Austria to the outskirts of Vienna and the Danube River.
There are many things to observe in the Alps of Western Europe:
The mountain principally represents the Alpine Ecology. The Rhone River which runs between snow-capped peaks is 4,000m/13000 feet high. The peaks attain their maximum height in the west Mount Blanc (4,807m/13,000 feet). The mountain peaks lowers to 8000 ft. in the eastern side.
There is always high temperature in Southern Alps and winter precipitation and dry summer in Northern Alps. The European countries have some largest rivers and beautiful river valleys to visit. They are Rhine, Danube, Rhone and Po River. Mountain scenery is enhanced by some beautiful lakes. Geneva, Como, Maggiore, Lucerne, Thun and several other beautiful lakes create a scenic spectrum.
The Alpine forests include both deciduous and coniferous trees. Oak beech, and pine are among them. The southern slopes of the valleys face more sun and warmth than the northern which is famous for deciduous fruits, woodland and grassland in the north. The lower slopes form a patchwork of vineyards, orchards, forests and fields, merging above the treeline into the broad alpine meadows and pastureland for grazing in spring and summer.
(ii) The Swiss National Park:
This park is located in the Grison of Eastern Switzerland where it adjoins Italy’s Stelvio National Park (1,482 km2). The Swiss National Park lies at the height of 1500-3174 meters and covers an area of 168 km2. The park stands in a magnificent alpine setting amidst splendid peaks. There are some scenic peaks to enjoy mountaineering and trekking. The Swiss people are born, natural climbers like the people of Uttaranchal, Himachal and Nepal.
One Third of the park is forest, one third grassland and one third is bare rock and scree. Dwarf mountain pine is the dominant tree species. At lower slopes are scots pine, arolla pine, larch and Norway spruce. Wild animals are fox, brown bear, lynx, red deer, chamois and Ibex. About 100 species of birds, 60 of them nest in the park, capercaillie, ptarmigan, black woodpecker, nutcracker and golden eagle are some of them. The wilderness management and exploration is one of the best recreative activities in the world.
(iii) Wilderness Trekking:
The trekking through the wilderness is not only full of recreation but an activity to keep a man mentally alert and physically fit. There are most beautiful pastures and green valleys in the mountains of Himalayas. These are quite popular among tourists during summer as well as winter.
The Deserts are also great wilderness in the world. The Govi Desert, The Sahara Desert. The Utah Desert, The Namib Desert, The Thar Desert and the Desert of Patagonia. The people like to visit and explore the deserts of Patagonia as it is an amazing landscape in the world. It is covers an area of 4,80,000 km2. The storms are violent and move at the speed of 200 km per hour.
(iv) Wilderness Camping:
To camp in a vast wild land for some days it provides us an internal peace and happiness as we spend time in perfect peace and harmony. We spend some days in the company of our friends sharing our work, experience and knowledge in the wild. Camping in a wilderness, provides us better health and energise our physical activity.
(v) Bird Watching:
Whenever we see a forestland or a valley we spend our time in watching birds. Bird watching can be enjoyed during a camp life for some days. During this period we come across many wild animal habitats, trees, bushes and rock cavities where birds make nests and lay eggs. There is a great need to learn more about natural areas, birds, their habitats and nesting in the wild. Bird watching is the best entertainment in the wilderness.
(vi) Nature Watching:
The beautiful valleys, slopes, forestlands and river banks are the most impressive natural sites to observe in the wild. For example, the river valleys in European Alps and Indian Himalayas are the pristine and important sites of natural beauty.
The pastures, valleys and slopes have most impressive greenery and attract the people from far and near to camp amidst lush green vegetation in the wild. Nature watching is a most beautiful pastime hobby in the mountain valleys i.e. the Andes Mountains, the Alps and the Himalayas.
(vii) Outdoor Education:
There are numerous adventure activities which provide professional knowledge in outdoor education. Some adventure activities provide us outdoor education in a systematic ways and in some countries adventure tourism has become the backbone of their economy. For example, Spain is the world leader, in nature tourism. Spain has a population of 40 million and attracts 50 million people every year. Spain is doing well in wildlife and nature tourism.
It has most beautiful islands. British Columbia, a State of Canada is earning 9.5 billion dollars every year because of outdoor activities. British Columbia is world leader wilderness tourism. Amazonian wilderness in Brazil is earning billions of dollars through its sponsored outdoor tours. Some 21 travels and 2 tours companies are involved in it. The countries like Colombia, Peru, Venezuela and Andes countries are doing well in wilderness tourism and wildlife parks making maximum profits.