Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Wildlife Tourism in the World ’ for class 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Wildlife Tourism in the World ’ especially written for school and college students.
Essay on Wildlife Tourism in the World
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in India
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Andes Ranges
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Canada
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Central America
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Africa
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Australia
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Nepal
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Bhutan
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Thailand
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Cambodia and Vietnam
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Indonesia
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Papua New Guinea
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in New Zealand
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Arctic
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Russia
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Sri Lanka
- Essay on Wildlife Tourism in Spain
Essay # 1. Wildlife Tourism in India:
The Indian Parks are quite popular among the international tourists. It’s rich and varied wildlife and ecosystem is amazingly beautiful. It paves the way for a systematic approach to study the ecosystem and its various National Parks and existing wildlife. There are five types of National Parks in India which are rich and varied from the point of view of bio-diversity and ecosystem.
(1) The Himalayan National Parks
(2) The Rain Forest National Parks
(3) The Plain Land Tropical National Parks
(4) The Coastal National Parks
(5) The Southern Plateau National Park.
The parks are marvellous examples of wildlife with different species and ecosystems.
India is a haven for wildlife tourism. In the past one decade, India has received 6.5 million tourists every year. The tourists come to see its rich cultural heritage and amazing wildlife.
Some examples of the parks are:
(1) The Great Himalayan National Park (Kullu),
(2) Western Himalayan Bird Sanctury,
(3) Sarahan (Himachal),
(4) Western Himalayan Nature Park (Kufri Shimla, Himachal)
(5) Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park (Assam),
(6) Kanha National Park,
(7) Ranthambhor Tiger Sanctuary,
(8) Valmiki Tiger Reserve,
(9) Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
India are among the best Wildlife Parks and wild life sanctuaries. The Silent Valley National Park (Kerala), Kudramuph National Park (Karnataka) are among the best national parks in South.
Rajaji National Park:
Rajaji National Park is among the largest Soal and Baan Forest Parks in the country (1600 km2). It is known for the Asiatic tigers, leopards, stags and Asian elephants. The park is known for various species of mammals, reptiles, primates, avies, and orthopoda.
A small species of fresh water turtle is found in the fresh water mangroves of Rajaji Park but it is becoming extinct because of pollution, loss of habitats, global warming and felling of ancient forests at an alarming rate. Rajaji National Park has become a heaven for explorers, trekkers and wildlife lovers. It represents some amazing species of fauna and flora.
Corbett National Park, Ramnagar:
Corbett National Park is a heaven for tigers, elephants, bears, wild boars, reptiles, avies, and various insects and butterflies found in this park. The park is a haven for the floral diversity also. There are so many species of wild flowers, herbal medicines, aromatic plants, fruit trees, bushes and large trees. Jim Corbett Park is basically a tiger sanctuary but elephants from Rajaji National Park also visit this park from time to time and thus expanding their roaming area.
Essay # 2. Wildlife Tourism in Andes Ranges:
The Andes Mountain Ranges in South America are not only rich in the bio-diversity but are a great spectrum of natural beauty. These mountains cover an area of more than 2 million km2 and are a source of scenic beauty from North to South. Some peaks of Andes are over 6000 meters culminate in Aconcagua in Argentina at 6,960 meters (22834 ft.). Andes covers a distance of 7,250 km. This vast mountain range has an almost unbroken connection with Rocky Mountains of North America. This mountain range creates a distinct mountain system extending the full length of the Americas. These extend from sub-Antarctic latitudes to the south of the Arctic.
The Andes functions as the watershed between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. On the west they plunge steeply into the pacific and on the east they slope more gently to the Atlantic Ocean. The two sides are equally dissimilar in climate. The Southern Andes is a region of violent winds. Practically all the rain fall from the Pacific is deposited on the Pacific side of the cordillera having the eastern part of Southern Patagonis in a rain shadow that makes it as impoverished as any desert.
The wildlife tourism is flourishing in the Andes i.e. Colombia, Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina have done their best in wildlife tourism in some areas of their country. Argentina, Colombia and Peru are an excellent example of wildlife tourism. The tourists come to see the wildlife, forests and beautiful landscapes of these countries.
Essay # 3. Wildlife Tourism in Canada:
The world tourists visit Canada for happiness as it is a heaven for cold climate Biodiversity. Its various National Parks are enchanting and amazing with its bio-diversity. The black bears, grizzly bears, mountain goats, wild sheeps, deers, foxes, porcupines, rabbits and other animals of ecological importance are found in Canadian forests.
Canada is a wonder land in natural beauty and wildlife. The bird species are varied and vivid. The national parks and forests of Canada are rich in plants, trees and wildflowers. Most of the forestland is still pollution less and clean environment. The Canadian National Parks are known for its beautiful forests, scenic beauty and amazing bio-diversity.
Some of the Canadian National Parks are as follows:
(1) Banff National Park is a wildland where large amazing goats and other wild animals are found. The park is 6641 km2 in area.
(2) Jasper National Park is 10,878 km2 in area and is a heaven in natural beauty and wildlife.
(3) Kootenay National Park is 1377 km2 in area and is known for its forests and scenic beauty
(4) Yoho is 1,313 km2 in area and has been designated as Canadian Rockies World Heritage Site. This part of earth is known for its distinct and amazing wildlife, trees and flowering plants.
Essay # 4. Wildlife Tourism in Central America:
The Tourists, explorers and trekkers visit Mexico in large numbers because of country’s pleasant climate, rich bio-diversity and beautiful landscapes. The other countries of Central America like Guatemala, Beliz, Honduras. El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama are among the beautiful countries to visit. The Maya Biosphere Reserve (16,000 km2) is the Guatemala’s largest protected tropical forest.
These nations are dependent on agriculture, tourism and transportation. They have maintained their economy in different areas of life. Soberania National Park, Panama is protecting Harpy Eagle (Horpia Harpyja). In Guatemala Laguna de Tigre National Park is quite popular among the tourists. Some of the species of wild animals are endangered because of lack of management, threat of hunting, habitat loss and use of fishing nets. The highland wildlife tourism in the forests of Mointeverde, Costa Rica is well known among the explorers.
Essay # 5. Wildlife Tourism in Africa:
The wildlife tourism in the rain forests of African countries is quite pleasant and exciting as all the large mammals are found here is the parks. These nations with rainforests are in good state of bio-diversity. Despite the loss of forests, encroachment and development activities, the national parks are in good state.
(1) Ivory Coast:
Ivory Coast forests are being felled at an alarming rate. The tourism is in good state in the country and a large numbers of tourists come here to camping in nature and explore the rich and varied wildlife. The Tai National Park, Cote, Ivory is famous for the population of chimpanzees.
Ghana’s National Parks are well known for its amazing wild animals, i.e. large mammals, primates, reptiles, avies and orthopoda. The National Parks of Ghana in true sense are some Great Safari Parks which attract the foreigners to its rainforests, grasslands and wetlands. The deforestation is continuing in its forests and some species of wild animals may vanish away very soon.
Cameroun is known for its rainforests and wildlife. These highlands extend into North Eastern Nigeria and the offshore island of Bioko. The highland has 53 bird species of which 22 are endemic. There are 55 species of amphibians and reptiles. The most interesting places are mountains of Oku.
Cameroon and Kupe in Cameroon, Mount Malabo on Bioko, and Obudu Plateau in Nigeria are impressive sights. There is a great need of wildlife protection in the highlands. In recent time, 50 new taxa have been found in western Cameroun highland forests.
Gabon is also known for its rain forests and rich and varied wildlife.
The Congo Basin Forests are quite popular for Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Rhinos. The tourists visit these parks to enjoy wildlife from a very near distance. This multipurpose park is a haven for wild animals. Garamba National Park is famous for white Rhinos and is on the border of Congo and Sudan.
(6) Zaire, Kenya and Tanzania:
The Victoria Lake is surrounded by these three countries and has a unique ecosystem to support the tropical mammals, primates, reptiles, avies, orthopoda etc. for a longer period.
The above African nations are having very beautiful national parks but civil unrest, riots and community wars have destroyed the forests at a greater speed. Local forests are destroyed by timber smugglers and encroachment by the pastoral people.
(7) South Africa:
In African continent South African National Parks, are well-maintained and protected. At present, in African continent, South Africa is the only country which is drawing maximum tourists from foreign nations. This country is enjoying full growth in wildlife tourism.
The five parks are doing their best in wildlife and safari tourism:
(1) The Kruger National Park one of world’s largest game reserves
(2) The Cape Peninsula
(3) The Sun City
(4) The Garden Route and
(5) The Kwazulu Natal Parks and Mountains.
The Madagascar is a nation island in the Indian Ocean just opposite direction of Mozambique. There are beautiful rain forests in the south east of Madagascar. There are ancient fern forests in full density where gentle lemur, a nocturnal monkey is found. Madagascar is favourite place for sea birds and shore birds. Its wetlands are known for several plants, trees and herbs.
The Meller’s duck and other three different species of ducks are found in Madagascar. This Island is tourist’s paradise from far and near.
Essay # 6. Wildlife Tourism in Australia:
Several parts of Australia are amazingly beautiful. The beautiful wildlands and expanded wilderness are a great source of recreation.
1. Kakadoo National Park:
Kakadoo wilderness is one of the best Australian National Parks. This is one of the largest wilderness in the world. Here, the long trees, dwarf trees, grasslands and wetlands are ideal habitats of wild animals, primates and birds. The strange wild animals are jewels of this park.
2. Ningaloo Coral Reef:
These are the most ancient reefs in the North Western Australian coasts. The three hundred km long fringing Coral Reef is the main characteristics of Ningaloo Coral Reefs. The marine life is rich and impressive.
3. The Great Barrier Reef:
This world famous coral reef was declared World Heritage Site in 1981. This is labelled as one of the 7 natural wonders of the world. The Queensland National Trust has named it a State Icon of Queensland. The Reef is largest reef system in the world. It is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 coral islands. It is spread up to 2,600 kilometers – an area of 344,400 square kilometers. The reef is located in Coral Sea and has become a popular destination among the world class tourists.
Tasmania Island is a part of Australia. It is known for its pandas, marsupials and bearlike animals known as Devils of Tasmania. The forests greenery and wild life of Tasmania Island is rich, varied and full of human recreation. The beautiful natural landscapes always attract the tourists from all over the world. The island is surrounded by Tasman Sea.
Essay # 7. Wildlife Tourism in Nepal:
Wildlife tourism and mountaineering have become the economic backbone of Nepal. The Chitwan National Park, the Sagar Matha (Everest) National Park and Makalu-Barun Valley are some of the most beautiful National Parks in Nepal.
Some of the valleys have become most popular among the Western and Eastern tourists and explorers. Nepal is a haven for wildlife tourism and high mountain bio-diversity. There is a great achievement in trekking and mountaineering. Everest is the highest peak of Nepal Himalayas and is still a paradise for mountaineers.
The Valleys, rivers, pastures and forests are in fresh state and can be used for exploration and trekking activities. In some valleys, there is a rampant pollution and this should be cleaned with the help of volunteers.
Essay # 8. Wildlife Tourism in Bhutan:
Bhutan is a very small nation almost landlocked with India. The natural areas of Bhutan are fresh and beautiful and provide a colourful spectrum of natural panorama. The country is rich in wildlife and natural beauty. It has amazing species of mammals, primates, reptiles, avies and a thriving world of orthopoda. About two third of the country, is a beautiful spectrum of natural area including mountains, grasslands and forest cover. Bhutan is nature’s peaceful paradise.
Essay # 9. Wildlife Tourism in Thailand:
Thailand is a country of most beautiful hornbills. World’s twelve hornbill species are found in Thailand. At present there are 54 rare hornbills’ species in the world of whom twelve are found in the rain forests of Thailand. Besides this, other wild birds, macaw, large parrots, waterfowls are found there. The tiger, elephants, wild bears, marsh deers, horned deers and primates are found in the dense forests of Thailand. Among the reptiles, the sea turtles, ridley turtles, cobra, python, lizards and others animals are found near the wetlands and smooth seas.
Thailand is known for its beautiful birds (Avies fauna), and insects (orthopoda) including moths and butterflies.
For wildlife tourism, Thailand has become a heaven for tourists from worldwide. Wildlife tourism and seaside exploration activities have become its economic backbone in tourism in East Asia. Besides this, health tourism has become its most luxurious money earning source.
Essay # 10. Wildlife Tourism in Cambodia and Vietnam:
These two countries have most beautiful rain forests in the world. Some of them are most ancient and remain un-spoilt beauty of nature. Some wild animals and birds found here are not found in other parts of the world. These are called endemic species of wild animals. These forests are a haven for such mammals, primates, birds, and reptiles.
The Birds of Paradise are found in both the countries and in the isolated dense forests. The birds like wild fowls, water fowls, six winged birds and long tailed birds (like peacock of India) with different colours are found in the dense forests of Cambodia and Vietnam. The birds with various colours are amazingly beautiful. There are some ancient forests in both the countries where wildlife is thriving secretly 3nd silently amidst the dense forests.
Essay # 11. Wildlife Tourism in Indonesia:
The wildlife in Indonesia is rich in varieties of arid species. Java, Sumatra and Borneo are known as the bio-diversity hot spots in the South East Asia. The rich biodiversity require a quick maintenance of National Parks and open Reserve Forests. The clouded tiger of Sumatra is known worldwide.
Besides the primates of various species, the orangutans are known to the tourists and explorers of the world. Java, Sumatra and Borneo’s rain forests are a great haven to the primates. For example, Chimpanzees, Orangutans, two species of gibbon and bears, wild boars and several other mammals are found in the dense forests.
Besides this, beautiful birds, reptiles, amphibians and orthopoda are found in large numbers. The rain forests are being felled by the timber companies at an alarming rate. The land clearing for farming, encroachment by local communities is posing a threat to the orangutans in these forests. The Gunung Leuser National Park is being destroyed by timber mafias and wood smugglers at a large scale which is threatening its wildlife.
The Indonesian Parks are a haven of rainforests and rich bio-diversity. Some of the National Parks are quite popular among the tourists from far and near. The Suaq Balimbing Research Station in Gunug (Indonesia) is doing well in the survey and research work on primates, birds, bears, tigers, wild pigs and several other species of wild animals.
The Gunung Leuser National Park is being logged illegally by the timber companies despite the repeated request from the staff of research station. This rain forestland is unique one and has a rich bio-diversity. It has also a very high density of orangutans (man of forests) Pongo pygmaeus albus. There are four species of monkeys also which are endemic to these forests. These forests are ideal habitats for the primates.
These are Macaca fascicularis, Macaca nemestrina, Presbytis thowmasii and Presbytis cristata are found in the dense forests of Gunung. Two species of gibbons – Hylobetes lar and Hylobetes syndactylus are found with their ideal habitats in the forests. The Sumatran tiger – Panthera tigris, Sumatran bears, Helarctos malayensis and wild pigs – Babyrousa babiroussa are found in these forests. The rain forests are being felled regularly at a greater speed as a result, wildlife is vanishing away.
Essay # 12. Wildlife Tourism in Papua New Guinea:
Papua New Guinea is rich in bio-diversity. World’s amazing animals and plants are found here. The main backbone of the economy of Papua New Guinea is tourism, timber trade and export of largest number of parrots, wild birds, ducks, lizards, butterflies and other wild animals. The wild animals and plants are exported to rich countries who love to rear wild animals and birds in farms houses for personal use.
The smallest trees and more than 11,000 flowering plants are exported to plant lovers in foreign countries. In the past three decades the rain forests of this country are being exploited by some foreign nations. USA, European and other rich nations are the main importers of this wood. These rainforests have been wiped out at an alarming rate. The fauna and flora of this region may become endangered quite soon.
Essay # 13. Wildlife Tourism in New Zealand:
New Zealand is known for its rich wildlife and floral diversity. The famous hollow taxa plants are found in the wetlands of New Zealand. These taxa plants are endemic to New Zealand wetlands. The orchid and fern plants are exported in large numbers to other destinations.
New Zealand is a haven for water birds, shore birds and water fowls. The New Zealand duck has a special characteristic in the world. Among the other animals are mammals, reptiles, amphibians, avies, orthopoda and small mammals of local importance.
New Zealand is known for its neat and clean environment. Tasman valley is popular among the tourists of the world. The valley remains covered with snow the year round. The mountain peaks remain covered with snow while in the plains and valleys the ice melts slowly.
Tasman valley is quite popular for trekking, exploration and skiing activities. The famous Ski Resort is Mountain Cook where every year 7000 ski planes and 300 helicopters get down at the airstrips. The natural slopes are liked by all the businessmen and adventure lovers of the world. Tasman glacier is 20 km long and 4 lakh tourists come to visit Mount Cook National Park every year. Alone through skiing New Zealand earns 70 million dollars every year.
A Parrot Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) lives in Codfish Island and elkes its nest on land. The number of Kapapo is increasing in Codfish and Pearl Island. New Zealand forests and Bird Protection Society asked the country timber industry to join Green Furniture and stop using native timber. A long portion of New Zealand forests has been wiped out by such timber companies.
There is a great need to protect Waituta forests and Fiord land National Park in South Island, New Zealand. Now the 460 sq. km of virgin forests are under permanent protection following 20 years of debate and the constant threat of logging. The forests are now known as the Watuta Conservation Area, lies between 12,100 sq. km. National Park and the 2171 hectare block of ancient forests.
Essay # 14. Wildlife Tourism in Arctic:
There are some sponsored tours by some adventure loving countries to explore Antarctica for knowledge, research and recreation. Three species of Penguins, sea lions, whales, sharks and several species of fishes are found under the snow of South Seas adjoining the waters of Antarctica. Antarctica has no human population of its own as it is bitter cold with a temperature -89°C. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent, with an area of 14,245000 square kilometers which is twice the size of Europe or Australia.
This continent is surrounded by Atlantic Ocean and Southern oceans. The mainland has high mountains and huge plateaus covered by a vast ice sheet. Nine-tenths of all ice and seven- tenths of all the freshwater on earth are held in Antarctica.
It is coldest place on earth, with a temperature as low as -89°C. There are frequent blizzards and gales. There is no permanent human population, but this harsh environment is home to millions of sea animals including seals, whales, penguins, terns, gulls and more than a hundred species of fishes.
An environmental group known as Green Peace is campaigning to protect Antarctica and secure it as a wildlife sanctuary or as a world peace park. The idea of making Antarctica a world peace park is supported by many governments, and conservationists. The park would be for the benefit of for all nations of the world.
(1) Give complete protection to all wildlife and their habitats.
(2) Keep Antarctica as a region of scientific research and co-operation.
(3) Keep Antarctica as a zone of peace no military or nuclear weapons would be allowed there.
(4) Ban any extraction of minerals.
(5) Ban the disposal of poisonous, radioactive or other harmful wastes there.
Wildlife Tourism in Arctic National Parks:
The biodiversity in the Arctic National Parks is rich and recreative to human life. The sea lion, water birds, shore birds, polar bears and grizzly bears are a common sight. Among such park is the Gates of Arctic National Park which is in Alaska near the Arctic Circle. The park is bitter cold and sometime the temperature is -85°C. It is full of peace and serenity. The people visit the park during summer when there are less blizzards, gales and snow storms.
The area of Arctic National Park is amazingly beautiful where we face the wonders of a beautiful snow land and the island surrounded by the ocean covered with white blanket of snow. The adventure lovers all over the world visit the Gates of Arctic National Park and face the harsh climate there. It becomes one of the most wonderful experiences of life to visit these isolated places of snow lands where a different world of nature exists.
Essay # 15. Wildlife Tourism in Russia:
The Zapovedniks are the state reserve forests in Russia which are most popular among the tourists and explorers of the world. Lack of maintenance and conservation is ruining them. The Altai Mountains Zapovedniks, Katunsky Zapovednik, Telekoye Lake Beluka mountains and Ukok Highlands are the wonders of natural panorama. UNESCO has declared them the World Natural Heritage Site.
These beautiful mountains, scenic forestlands and grasslands have become immense attractions among the trekkers, explorers and camp lovers from world over. If these forests are polluted, ruined or gone the wonders of Russia are certainly gone. So, there is a great need to preserve them with great care of conservation sense and allow sustainable tourism there. Some rare birds, prey birds and raptors of Russia are on the verge of decline.
If the natural sites are not cared properly, the wildlife faces a big crisis. A breeding centre for the endangered raptors is established at the Galichya Gora Zapovednik (Lipetak oblast). This centre is working on the protection and breeding of raptors in the wild on the vicinity of the middle on River through the reintroduction of birds bred in the captivity. Zapovedniks are well known for their rich biodiversity and scenic mountains.
Essay # 16. Wildlife Tourism in Sri Lanka:
The wildlife Tourism in Sri Lanka is on the rise. This beautiful island nation has become a heaven for tourists, particularly in Southern Sri Lanka where there are most beautiful sea beaches, coral reefs, rainforests and a rich combination of bio-diversity. Sri Lanka is known for its tourist places from the period of Lord Buddha. The statues of Lord Buddha and his disciples are scattered all over the Sri Lanka’s dense forests and these make a very wonderful sites amidst the forests.
There are some beautiful things in Sri Lanka to encourage the tourists which include:
(1) Wonderful beaches, hotels and restaurants
(2) Rich wild life amidst the rain forests
(3) Lord Buddha’s statues amidst the forests where a large number of Buddhist tourists from foreign countries come to visit
(4) Wonders of natural beauty
(5) The pattern of agricultural fields i.e. sugarcane and paddy fields create a spectrum of beauty.
Sri Lanka is making a sharp development through tourism and export. Tea gardens and banana orchards present a beautiful spectrum.
Essay # 17. Wildlife Tourism in Spain:
Spain is a country of various festivals and fairs. Every festival and fair is seen with national interest and given a commercial colour just to attract tourists from worldwide. The beautiful island parks, natural beauty, sea beaches, wild lands are a great attractions in Spain. Besides, historical places and museums, Spain is a land of natural wonders. The population of Spain is 40 million and every year 50 million people visit Spain through airports, sea routes and cross international borders by buses or cars.
Tourism has become a backbone of Spain and in the last 40 years tourism has passed through most advanced phase of development in the country. People are leading very happy and nice life as they have their own employment. Through tourism i.e. hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and several other services and jobs related to tourism are a part of tourism business. Tourism has helped overcoming the global crisis of Spain in 2009 and 2010.